Collaboration describes any number of scenarios in which two or more organizations work together toward a common goal while retaining their own individual structure and decision-making authority.

Strategic restructuring occurs when two or more organizations establish an ongoing relationship to expand their reach, enhance effectiveness, and have greater impact through either a strategic
alliance or corporate integration. An integration is a strategic restructuring that includes changes to corporate control and/or structure, including the creation and/or dissolution of one or more of the participating organizations.